Important Things to Know About Adderall
Adderall is a prescribed medicine that contains two drugs: dextroamphetamine and amphetamine. It belongs to a class of drug called stimulants. It treats attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. It can also use to treat narcolepsy.
Adderall considers a treatment option for ADHD at first-choice. Studies show that it improves focus and attention, and also reduces impulsive behaviors. With the use of stimulants such as Adderall, 75 percent, and 80 percent of children will see improved symptoms with ADHD.
For increasing daytime wakefulness in people with narcolepsy, Adderall is also useful.
Adderall comes in two forms:
- Adderall oral tablet
- Adderall XR extended-release oral capsule
Is Adderall a controlled substance?
Yes, Adderall is a controlled substance. It means that it can cause physical or psychological dependence and has the potential for misuse and abuse.
Adderall XR extended-release oral capsule and Adderall oral tablet are both available in generic forms. The generic Name for the drug in both the capsule and the tablet is dextroamphetamine/ amphetamine salts.
Less than the brand-name version, generic drugs usually cost. In some cases, the generic version and the brand-name drug may be available in different strengths and forms.
Adderall contains a mixture of different forms of dextroamphetamine and amphetamine. It includes amphetamine aspartate, dextroamphetamine, amphetamine sulfate, dextroamphetamine sulfate, and saccharate.
Adderall Side Effects
Adderall can cause severe or mild side effects. The following list contains some of the acute side effects while taking Adderall that may occur. All possible side effects don’t include in this list.
More common side effects
Other side effects of Adderall can include:
- Lack of appetite
- Dry mouth
- Trouble sleeping
- Stomach pain
- Weight loss
Within a couple of weeks or a few days, these side effects may go away. Talk to your pharmacist or doctor if they don’t go away or more severe.
Serious side effects
Their symptoms and severe side effects can include the following:
- Heart problems including rapid heartbeat, high blood pressure, heart attack, and stroke
- Delusional or Impaired thinking
- Aggressive or agitated behavior
- Blurred vision
- Severe allergic reaction
- Muscle breakdown called rhabdomyolysis
To use long term Adderall is safe when taken at doctor-recommended dosages. For many people, typical side effects such as dry mouth, loss of appetite, or with continued use of the drug insomnia are reduced. For others, these side effects may continue.
Long-term use of other stimulants or Adderall may cause some changes in the brain, such as in the amount of the chemical messenger dopamine decreases. When Adderall is abused or misused, long-term use can lead to psychological and physical dependence. Inappropriate use of this drug can lead to many serious side effects, including:
- Severe insomnia (trouble sleeping)
- Skin disorders
- Moodiness or irritability
- Symptoms of psychosis such as hallucinations and aggression
- Heart damage
- Unwanted weight loss and anorexia
Adderall medicine is a drug of abuse and may be habit-forming. If you have had problems with alcohol or drug abuse, tell your doctor.
Stimulants have caused stroke, sudden death, and heart attack, in people with a heart defect or heart disease, and high blood pressure.
In the past 14 days if you have used an MAO inhibitor do not use this medicine, such as linezolid, isocarboxazid, phenelzine, selegiline, rasagiline, or have received a methylene blue injection or tranylcypromine.
Adderall may cause worsening or new psychosis (unusual behaviour or thoughts), especially if you have a history of mental illness, depression, or bipolar disorder.
With the use of this drug, you may have blood circulation problems that can cause pain, numbness, or discolouration in your toes or fingers.
Call your doctor right away if you have: signs of chest pain- heart problems, short of breath or feeling light-headed; signs of paranoia- psychosis, new behaviour problems, aggression, hearing or seeing things that are not real; unexplained wounds on your toes or fingers- signs of circulation problems.
If you have glaucoma you may not be able to use Adderall, severe agitation, overactive thyroid, coronary artery disease or heart disease, moderate to severe high blood pressure, vascular disease, or a history of alcohol or drug addiction.
Before Taking This Medicine
In the past 14 days if you have taken an MAO inhibitor do not use this medicine. A dangerous drug interaction could occur. MAO inhibitors include phenelzine, methylene blue injection, isocarboxazid, rasagiline, tranylcypromine, selegiline, and linezolid.
If you are allergic to any stimulant drug, you may not be able to use Adderall medication. You also may not be able to use Adderall if you have:
- Overactive thyroid
- Severe agitation or anxiety
- High blood pressure
- Coronary artery disease or heart disease
- Hardening of the arteries or vascular disease
- A history of alcohol or drug addiction
Some medicines can interact with dextroamphetamine and amphetamine and called serotonin syndrome cause a severe condition. If you are using any other medications, then tell your doctor about it. If you also take opioid medicine, be sure your doctor knows medicine for depression or herbal products, Parkinson’s disease, mental illness, migraine headaches, prevention of nausea or serious infections, and vomiting. Before making any changes in when or how you take your medications, ask your doctor. A symptom of serotonin syndrome may include hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that are not real), agitation, fast heart rate, coma, dizziness, feeling hot, sweating, muscle shakiness or rigidity, seizures, vomiting, nausea, or diarrhoea. If you experience these symptoms stop Adderall immediately.
Stimulants have caused the heart attack, stroke, and sudden death in certain people. Tell your doctor if you have:
- Congenital heart defect or heart problems
- High blood pressure
If you have a family history of heart disease and sudden death
you have to make sure that Adderall is safe for you, if you and in your family has ever had depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, problems with aggression, mental illness, psychosis, or suicidal actions or thoughts then you have to tell your doctor.
Other Side Effects
- Tourette’s syndrome or Motor tics (muscle twitches)
- Epilepsy or seizures
- An abnormal brain wave test
- Kidney or liver disease
- Blood circulation problems in the feet or hands
For Pregnant and Breastfeeding Women
During pregnancy, taking Adderall can cause low birth weight, premature birth, or Withdrawal symptoms in the newborn baby. If you plan to become pregnant or you are pregnant, tell your doctor.
The medications in Adderall (dextroamphetamine and amphetamine) may harm a nursing baby because it can pass into breast milk. While using this medicine, you should not breastfeed.
By anyone younger than three years old Adderall is not approved for use.
How should I take Adderall?
- As prescribed by your doctor, take Adderall exactly. On your prescription label, you have to follow all directions. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose. Do not take this medicine for longer than recommended or in smaller or larger amounts.
- Adderall may be habit-forming. With another person never share this medicine, especially someone with a history of drug addiction or abuse. Where others cannot get to it, keep the medication in a place.
- Read all medication guides, patient information, and instruction sheets provided to you. First thing in the morning, you may take Adderall without or with food. Do not chew, crush, break, or open an extended-release capsule. Swallow it whole.
- To make swallowing more comfortable, you may sprinkle the medicine or open the capsule and into a spoonful of applesauce. Without chewing, swallow right away. For later use do not save the mixture.
- The dosage is based on your response to treatment or medical condition. To find the dose that is best for you, your doctor may adjust your dose. You have to follow your doctor’s instructions carefully.
- To get the most benefit from it, use this medication regularly. Each day take it at the same times to help you remember.
You may have withdrawal symptoms (such as sleep problems, severe tiredness, mood/ mental changes such as depression) if you suddenly stop using this medication. Your doctor may lower your dose slowly, to help prevent Withdrawal. If you have used this medication in high doses or for a long time, Withdrawal is more likely.
At regular visits, your doctor will need to check your progress while using this medicine.
- You have to Store at room temperature.
- Away from the heat, moisture, and light